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Today’s article title is: Chinese troops violate agreement in Pangong Tso, Indian Army pre-empts move

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations are given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

PREEMPT

Verb

Pronunciation: pree-empt

Meaning: to take or make use of under a guise of authority but without actual right

Synonyms: appropriate, arrogate, commandeer, convert, expropriate, pirate, press, seize, take over, usurp

Usage: The thoughtless students had preempted special seats that were reserved for the guests of honor

Forms: Preemptive (adjective)


VIOLATE

Verb

Pronunciation: vahy-uh-leyt

Meaning: to fail to keep/ to treat shamefully or with great disrespect

Synonyms: breach, break, contravene/ follow, mind, obey, observe 

Antonyms: defile, desecrate, profane/ bless, consecrate, dedicate, hallow, sanctify

Usage: He will violate the company’s rule/The invaders will violate the land 

Forms: Violation (noun)


PROVOCATIVE

Adjective

Pronunciation: pruh-vok-uh-tiv

Meaning: serving or likely to arouse a strong reaction

Synonyms: charged, edgy, exciting, inciting, instigating, instigative, piquing, provoking, stimulating

Antonyms: noninflammatory

Usage: The article is extremely provocative 

Forms: Provocate (verb), Provocation (noun)


CONSENSUS

Noun

Pronunciation: kuhn-sen-suhs

Meaning: the state of being of one opinion about something

Synonyms: accord, agreement, concurrence, concurrency, unanimity, unison

Antonyms: conflict, disagreement, dissensus

Usage: After a lot of meetings they have come to a consensus   


UNPRECEDENTED

Adjective

Pronunciation: uhn-pres-i-den-tid

Meaning: not known or experienced before

Synonyms: fresh, new, novel, original, strange, unaccustomed, unfamiliar

Antonyms: familiar, hackneyed, old, time-honored, tired, warmed-over
Usage: These circumstances are unprecedented