Eazyprep brings to you ‘Words in News’, an easy and interesting way to learn vocabulary important for your exam. Now discover new meanings while also going through current affairs articles at the same time!

Today’s article talks about privatisation of certain railway carriages by Indian Railways. 

The article title is: A different track.

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

INITIATE

Pronunciation: ih-nee-shuh-eyt 

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: cause a process to begin

Synonyms: commence, start, inaugurate

Antonyms: block, cease, close

Usage: The fight was initiated by Rahul.

Forms: initiation(noun)


HAULAGE

Pronunciation: hawl-uhj

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a) commercial transport of goods.

                  b) to collect something 

Synonyms: suction, absorption, drawing

Usage: There was a haulage for necessities as soon as the pandemic hit.

Forms: haul(verb,noun)


CONSUMPTION

Pronunciation: kuhn-suhmp-shn

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: to use up something

Synonyms: expenditure, utilisation, decrease, diminution

Antonyms: conservation

Usage: We need to decrease the consumption of fossil fuels significantly.

Forms: consume(verb)


REVENUE

Pronunciation: reh-vuh-nyoo

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: income

Synonyms: credit, fundings, earn,gain

Antonyms: debt, loss

Usage: The farmers paying half their revenue to landowners isn’t right.


PARAMETER

Pronunciation: puh-ra-muh-tuh

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a certain quantity or quality to measure something else

Synonyms: limit, criterion, guideline

Usage: The parameters of an ideal candidate have not been met by Prateek.

Forms: parametric(adjective)


MINISCULE

Pronunciation: mi-nuh-skyool

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: extremely small

Synonyms: insignificant, microscopic, small

Antonyms: enormous, huge, large, important

Usage: Their chances of winning this game is minuscule. 


VIABILITY

Pronunciation: vai-uh-bil-uh-tee

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: ability to run successfully

Synonyms: possibility, plausibility, growth, activity

Antonyms: inactivity, inanimacy

Usage: There is no viability for this plan to work successfully

Forms: viable(adjective)


FACILITATE

Pronunciation: fuh-si-luh-teit

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: to aid something or someone 

Synonyms: ease, expedite, help, promote

Antonyms: block, cease, delay

Usage: The funds from the administration will facilitate our research.

Forms: facility(noun)


FLEXIBILITY 

Pronunciation: flek-suh-bi-luh-tee

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a) the quality of bending easily

                 b) willingness to change

Synonyms: elasticity, adaptability, compliance

Antonyms: constraint, resistance 

Usage: The flexibility of the telecom plans drew more customers.

Forms: flexible(adjective)


EXCEEDINGLY 

Pronunciation: uhk-seed-uhng-lee

Part of Speech: adverb

Meaning: to a great extent 

Synonyms: enormously, hugely, excessively, largely

Antonyms: little, small

Usage: The price of groceries went up exceedingly.

Forms: exceed(verb), excess(noun,adjective)


Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘consumption’ and ‘utilisation’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Initiate-Finish
  2. Parameter-Criterion
  3. Minuscule-Tiny
  4. Flexibility-Constraint

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Exceedingly
  2. Parameter 
  3. Haulage
  4. Revenue 
  5. Viability

Tell us your answers in the comments below.