Eazyprep brings to you ‘Words in News’, an easy and interesting way to learn vocabulary important for your exam. Now discover new meanings while also going through current affairs articles at the same time!

Today’s article talks about skilled goldsmiths working meager jobs to make ends meet. 

The article title is: Those who crafted gold ornaments are digging ditches today.

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

LIVELIHOOD

Pronunciation:  laiv-lee-hud

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: means of living a secure life

Synonyms: employment, income, subsistence, sustenance

Antonyms: avocation, unemployment

Usage: Their livelihood depends on wages of daily labour.

Forms: life(noun), live(verb)


VIRTUAL

Pronunciation: vuh-choo-uhl

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: not existing in reality

Synonyms: implicit, implied, tacit

Antonyms: real, explicit

Usage: He is living a virtual life on social media.

Forms: virtually(adverb)


SPLATTER

Pronunciation: spla-tuh

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: splash something

Synonyms: douse, bespatter, slosh, dash

Usage: The sculpture was found broken and splattered on the floor.


DESPERATE

Pronunciation: deh-spuh-reit

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: having a great need for something

Synonyms: dire, urgent, necessary, crucial

Antonyms: unimportant, trivial

Usage: Desperate times call for desperate measures.

Forms: desperation(noun), desperately(adverb)


INTRICATE

Pronunciation: in-truh-kuht

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: in great detail

Synonyms: easy, simple, apparent, clear

Usage: The detectives created an intricate network of spies for the suspects

Forms: intricacy(noun), intricately(adverb)


DISHEARTENED

Pronunciation: duhs-haat-uhnd

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: having lost all hope

Synonyms: dispirited, dismayed, demoralised, discouraged

Antonyms: heartened, inspirited, stimulated

Usage: The team was disheartened after their first loss in the tournament. 


LABOURER

Pronunciation: ley-ber-er

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a person who does unskilled labour for a living

Synonyms: drudge, worker, hand, grunt

Antonyms: skilled, professional

Usage: The labourers in the farm were unpaid and overworked.

Forms: labour(noun, verb)


ESTIMATE

Pronunciation: es-tuh-meyt

Part of Speech: verb, noun

Meaning: a) to guess something(verb)

                 b) an approximate guess of something(noun)

Synonyms: assess, consider, evaluate, predict

Antonyms: measure, calculate

Usage: The expenses exceeded the estimated budget.

Forms: estimation(noun)


UPGRADE

Pronunciation: up-greyd

Part of Speech: verb, noun

Meaning: a) raise something to a higher standard(verb)

                 b) an act of upgrading(noun)

Synonyms: boost, enhance, raise, promote

Antonyms: downgrade, decrease, diminish

Usage: Their seats were upgraded from business to economy class.

Forms: upgradation (noun)


ARTISAN

Pronunciation: aa-tuh-zan

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a worker who makes things by hand

Synonyms: craftsperson, craftsman, professional, builder

Antonyms: apprentice

Usage: The artisans prepared handicrafts for the fair.

Forms: artist(noun), art(noun)


Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘virtual’ and ‘real’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Intricate-Complex
  2. Estimate-Approximate
  3. Splatter-Splash
  4.  Desperate-Unimportant

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Livelihood
  2. Estimate
  3. Artisan
  4. Labourer 
  5. Upgrade

Tell us your answers in the comments below.