On this day:

1946 Italy becomes a parliamentary republic from a monarchy

1979 Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff to visit a communist country

2014 Telangana with Hyderabad as it’s capital becomes India’s 29th state after it is separated from Andhra Pradesh

Born on this day:

1943 Ilaiyaraaja, Indian composer

Gone on this day:

1988 Raj Kapoor, Indian actor known as “the greatest showman of Hindi cinema”, dies of complications related to asthma at 63