On this day:

1675 King Charles II of England commissions the Royal Observatory in Greenwich

1904 The United States takes over the construction of the Panama Canal

1953 Ernest Hemingway wins the Pulitzer Prize for Old Man and the Sea

1959 The Grammy is presented for the first time

Born on this day:

1825 Thomas Henry Huxley, English biologist

1767 Tyagaraja, Composer of Indian classical Carnatic music, born in Thanjavur

Gone on this day:

1799 Tipu Sultan, Indian military leader killed during Battle of Seringapatam, dies at 48