On this day:

1929 Vatican City becomes an independent state

1975 The first Cricket World Cup begins, hosted by England, won by West Indies

1979 Bhaskara 1, Indian Earth resources/meteorology satellite, launched

Born on this day:

1848 Paul Gauguin, French painter

1974 Mahesh Bhupathi, India, tennis pro

Gone on this day:

1954 Alan Turing, English mathematician

1970 E. M. Forster, English author of Passage to India, dies at 91