On this day:

1886 Coca-Cola is invented by Atlanta pharmacist, Dr. John Styth Pemberton

1933 MK Gandhi begins a three week fast in protest against British oppression in India

1978 Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler climb Mount Everest without oxygen supply

Born on this day:

1884 Harry S. Truman, 33rd President of the United States

Gone on this day:

1903 Paul Gauguin, French painter