On this day:
1912: First Balkan war begins as Montenegro started the conflict by declaring war on the Ottoman Empire
1948: World’s first internal pacemaker implanted in a 43-year-old man called Arne Larsson .
Born on this day:
1939: Harvey Pekar, American author
Gone on this day:
1936: Premchand, Indian author
1992: Willy Brandt, 4th Chancellor of Germany, Nobel Prize laureate