On this day:

1960 Chad gains its independence from the French

1999 Last Total Solar Eclipse of the Millennium

2008 Abhinav Bindra wins men’s 10m air rifle at the Beijing Olympics, the first-ever individual Olympic gold medal for India, and India’s first gold medal in any Olympic event since 1980

Born on this day:

1897 Enid Blyton, English author

1950 Steve Wozniak, American computer scientist, programmer, co-founded Apple Inc.

Gone on this day:

1908 Khudiram Bose, Indian freedom fighter

1919 Andrew Carnegie, Scottish/American businessman, founded the Carnegie Steel Company