On this day:

1920 Moscow Peace Treaty is signed recognizing Lithuanian sovereignty

1975 Island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe gains independence from Portuguese rule

Born on this day:

1817 Henry David Thoreau, American writer, philosopher

1904 Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel Prize laureate

Gone on this day:

2013 Pran Krishan Sikand, Indian actor dies of pneumonia