On this day:

1947 King George VI signs Indian Independence Act

1968 Intel, world’s largest semiconductor chip manufacturer, is founded in California

1980 Rohini 1, the first Indian satellite, launches into orbit

Born on this day:

1811 William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (Vanity Fair), born in Kolkata

1918 Nelson Mandela, President of South Africa, Nobel Prize laureate

Gone on this day:

1817 Jane Austen, English author of classics like Pride and Prejudice

2012 Rajesh Khanna, “First Superstar of Indian cinema,” dies from kidney problems