On this day:

1919 Afghanistan Gains Independence From the United Kingdom

1944 Last Japanese troops driven out of India

1964 World’s First Geostationary Satellite, Syncom, is Launched

Born on this day:

1871 Orville Wright, American aviation pioneer

1967 Satya Nadella, Indian-American businessman (CEO of Microsoft), born in Hyderabad

Gone on this day:

1994 Linus Pauling, American chemist, activist, Nobel Prize laureate