On this day:

1870 Franco-Prussian War starts under Napolean

Born on this day:

1827 Mangal Pandey, Indian sepoy of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry regiment born in Ballia district

1863 Dwijendralal Ray, Bengali poet, famous for work Dwijendrageeti, born in Krishnanagar

1938 Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist, famous for Hoyle–Narlikar theory, born in Maharashtra