On this day:

1930: Indian revolutionaries battle British troops in the Jalalabad hills near Chittagong, Bengal province.

1945: Adolf Hitler admits defeat

1977: Optical fiber is used for telephone transmissions for the first time

Born on this day:

1724: Immanuel Kant, Russian/German philosopher

Gone on this day:

2013: Lalgudi Jayaraman, Indian Carnatic violinist and composer