On this day:

1963 32 African countries form a coalition called AOU against white rule. AOU was the precursor of Africa Union

1965 India and Pakistan border fights begin

Born on this day:

1803 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American poet, philosopher

1886 Rash Behari Bose, Indian revolutionary leader against the British Raj in India, born in Bengal, India

1899 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher, born in Asansol, British India

Gone on this day:

2005 Sunil Dutt, Indian Bollywood director, actor and politician (Yaadein, Mother India, Khandaan), dies at 75