On this day:

1963: 32 African countries form a coalition called AOU against white rule. AOU was the precursor of the African Union

1965: India and Pakistan border fights begin

Born on this day:

1803: Ralph Waldo Emerson, American poet, philosopher

1886: Rash Behari Bose, Indian revolutionary leader against the British Raj in India, born in Bengal, India

1899: Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher, born in Asansol, British India

Gone on this day:

2005: Sunil Dutt, Indian Bollywood director, actor and politician (Yaadein, Mother India, Khandaan), dies at 75