On this day:

1890 Sequoia National Park, famous for giant Sequoia trees, is established in the US

1962 The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria is officially created

1992 NASA launches the Mars Observer

Born on this day:

1897 William Faulkner, American author, Nobel Prize laureate

Gone on this day:

2011 Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist, Nobel Prize laureate