On this day:

1768 James Cook Sails off on HMS Endeavour to “discover” Australia

1966 Namibian War of Independence Begins

Born on this day:

1927 B. V. Doshi, Indian architect (Pritzker Prize 2018), born in Pune

1910 Mother Teresa (Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu), Albanian-born Indian nun and founder of Missionaries of Charity, Nobel Peace Prize winner 1979, born in Skopje, Ottoman Empire

Gone on this day:

2012 A K Hangal, Indian freedom fighter and Bollywood character actor