On this day:

1911: Indian passive resistance is suspended when General J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi

1961: Sierra Leone becomes an independent republic

Born on this day:

1593: Mumtaz Mahal, Empress consort of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal as her mausoleum

1791: Samuel Morse, American painter, inventor, co-invented the Morse code

Gone on this day:

1521: Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese explorer