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Today’s article title is: Prez, PM Modi, CDS among 10,000 people under Chinese surveillance: Report

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations are given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article



Pronunciation: ser-vey-luhns

Meaning: an act or period of watching for signs of activity, danger, or opportunity

Synonyms: lookout, vigil, watch

Usage: The meetings are under constant surveillance 



Pronunciation: hahy-brid

Meaning: composite; formed or composed of heterogeneous elements

Synonyms: crossbred, mixed

Usage: This new car model is a hybrid of our two most successful cars



Pronunciation: stand-awf

Meaning: having or showing a lack of friendliness or interest in others

Synonyms: aloof, antisocial, frosty

Antonyms: cordial, friendly, sociable, social, warm

Usage: His standoff attitude was disliked by everyone 



Pronunciation: in-ter-uhm

Meaning: serving in a position for the time being

Synonyms: acting, ad interim, provisional, provisionary, provisory, temporary

Antonyms: long-term, permanent

Usage: She will be serving as the interim chief 

Forms: Interim (noun)



Pronunciation: suhb-vurt 

Meaning: to lower in character, dignity, or quality

Synonyms:  cheapen, corrupt, debase, debauch, degrade, demean, vitiate

Antonyms: elevate, ennoble, uplift

Usage: His actions to subvert the operation are condemnable 
Forms: Subversion (noun)