Eazyprep brings to you ‘Words in News’, an easy and interesting way to learn vocabulary important for your exam. Now discover new meanings while also going through current affairs articles at the same time!

Today’s article talks about the repercussions of the Black Lives Matter movement in India. 

The article title is: In all fairness.

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

EXERT

Pronunciation : uhg-zuht

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: a) apply or bring to bear a force or quality

               b) make an effort, physical or mental

Synonyms: apply, exercise, wield, strive

 Antonyms: laze, relax, rest

Usage: Exert your intellect to come up with a new idea.

Forms: exertion (noun).


OVERDUE

Pronunciation : ow-vuh-dyoo

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: a) not having happened by expected time

                b) having been needed for some time

Synonyms: belated, delinquent, behindhand

Antonyms: timely, punctual, settled

Usage: The submission of your project work is long overdue.


PERSIST

Pronunciation : puh-sist

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: a) to continue in an action or holding on to an opinion despite difficulties

                 b) continue to exist

Synonyms: persevere, prevail, recur, linger

Antonyms: cease, discontinue, halt

Usage: Rita persisted on pursuing her career despite all the problems in her family.

Forms: persistence (noun)


REINFORCE

Pronunciation: ree-uhn-faws

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning:  to strengthen or support using additional material

Synonyms: bolster, boost, fortify, supplement

Antonyms: decrease, diminish, hinder, discourage

Usage: Rohan reinforced his claims backing them up with facts.

Forms: reinforcement (noun)


 HYPOCRISY

Pronunciation: hi-pow-kruh-see

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a) the practice of having higher standards or preaching noble beliefs but not having or following them

Synonyms: bigotry, deceit, deception, dishonesty

Antonyms: righteousness, forthrightness, truthfulness, fairness

Usage: The politicians do not practice what they preach, the hypocrisy is unbelievable. 

Forms: hypocrite (noun)


PERVADE

Pronunciation: puh-veid

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning:  a) to spread through and perceived completely

                    b) be present and apparent throughout

Synonyms: penetrate, infuse, permeate, suffuse

Antonyms: deplete, drain

Usage: Hardships and sorrow pervaded in her life in all forms.

Forms: pervasive (adjective)


SEGMENT

Pronunciation: seg-muhnt

Part of Speech: noun, verb

Meaning: a) each of the parts into which something is divided(noun)

                   b)divide into separate parts or sections (verb)

Synonyms: division, piece, portion, section

Antonyms: whole, total, complete

Usage: The quiz segment of the show is very interesting.


INGRAINED

Pronunciation: in-greind

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: firmly fixed or established, difficult to change

Synonyms: fixed, inbred, rooted, intrinsic

Antonyms: superficial, incidental, removable

Usage: The fear of being misunderstood is ingrained into her being.


ENLIGHTEN

Pronunciation: uhn·lait·uhn

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: to give someone greater understanding about something

Synonyms: edify, acquaint, educate, inform

Antonyms: conceal, deceive, misguide, mislead

Usage: Gautam Buddha was enlightened by moksha.

Forms: enlightenment (noun)


ENTRENCH

Pronunciation: uhn-trench

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: a) establish a belief so firmly that it is difficult to change

                   b) establish a military force in trenches

Synonyms: embed, ensconce, fortify, ingrain

Antonyms: weaken, displace, disorganise

Usage: Hatred for other communities is deeply entrenched in him.

Forms: entrenchment (noun)


Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘reinforce’ and ‘decrease’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Segment-Slice
  2. Exert-Effort
  3. Overdue-Timely
  4. Ingrained-Entrenched

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Enlighten
  2. Overdue
  3. Exert
  4. Persist
  5. Ingrained 

Tell us your answers in the comments below.


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