1996: Deep Blue becomes the first computer to win a chess game against a reigning world champion Despite his defeat in the first game, Russian world champion Garry Kasparov proceeded to win the match by 4-2 games.

1990: The spacecraft Galileo flew past Venus on its way to Jupiter.

Born on this day:

1894: Harold Macmillan: English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

1950: Mark Spitz: American Athlete

Gone on this day:

1923: Wilhelm Röntgen: German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate, discovered X Rays

1755: Montesquieu: French philosopher