On this day:

1919: British troops open fire on demonstrators in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, killing 350

1939: The Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.

1960: The world’s first satellite navigation system, Transit IB, is launched

Born on this day:

1906: Samuel Beckett, Irish/French author, playwright, director, Nobel Prize laureate

1743: Thomas Jefferson, American politician, 3rd President of the United States

Gone on this day:

1938: Grey Owl, English/Canadian environmentalist, author