On this day:
1952: Jawaharlal Nehru becomes prime minister of India
1952: The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India, holds its first sitting
1998: India carries out its fourth and fifth nuclear tests at Pokhran. The United States and Japan impose economic sanctions on India.
Born on this day:
1905: Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, Indian leader and 5th President of India (1974-77), born in Delhi
Gone on this day:
2001: R.K. Narayan, Indian novelist (Writer of Malgudi Days), dies at 94