On this day:

1853: The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane

1912: Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly across the English Channel

2003: Ten new member states are admitted to the European Union

Born on this day:

1848: Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Indian social reformer from Andhra Pradesh, born in Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh

1889: Charlie Chaplin, English actor, director, producer, screenwriter, composer

Gone on this day:

1958: Rosalind Franklin, English scientist