On this day:

2008: Fidel Castro steps down as Cuba’s president after being in power for 49 years.

1945: U.S. troops land on the Japanese island of Iwo Jima

1878: Thomas Edison patents the phonograph, the first machine able to reproduce the recorded sound.

Born on this day:

1953: Cristina Fernández de Kirchner: Argentinian politician, 55th President of Argentina 1473: Nicolaus Copernicus: Polish mathematician, astronomer

Gone on this day:

1997: Deng Xiaoping: Chinese politician, diplomat